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The term 'Safeguard' is common in the language of financial institutions like the World Bank. They refer to 'safeguards' as "measures to anticipate, minimize, mitigate or otherwise deal with the adverse impacts associated with a given activity."

Although there is a number of safeguards with multilateral approach, such as those adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); the ones used by the World Bank and adapted by the Cooperative Fund for the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF); the Forestry Investment Program (FIP); the Global Environment Facility (GEF); and the Criteria and Social and Environmental Principles ONU-RED, the international performance assessment of the REDD + strategies is based on the safeguards from Cancun of the UNFCCC.

Safeguards aims to prevent and mitigate any direct and indirect negative impact on ecosystems and in the population, particularly indigenous peoples and African-descent people who use the forest as a livelihood source.

The Nicaraguan State guarantees the autonomy of the Nicaraguan Caribbean Coast in accordance to article 60 of its political Constitution, Act 28; Statute of Autonomy of the regions, Act 445: Law of the Community Property Regime of indigenous people and ethnic communities of the autonomous regions in the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua and Bocay, Coco Rivers and Indio and Maíz; as well as the Law of Citizen Participation.

Nicaragua is a signatory of international instruments concerning the indigenous and Afro-descendants people right which complements the frame of safeguards such as the Convention 169 of ILO and provides a mandatory legal frame to the free consent and to be previously informed.

In the ENDE-REDD + designing phase, the contributions made with EESA will be considered and the an analysis of policies, standards and indicators of social and environmental aspects will be prepared to be mandatorily complied to ensure the social and environmental sustainability of the strategy, including an analysis of the safeguards and considering the operational policies of the World Bank, such as:

-Habitat Natural (OP 4.04) -Forests (OP 4.36)

-Physical Cultural Resources (OP 4.11),

-Involuntary Resettlement (OP 4.12),

-Policies of indigenous safeguards (OP 4.10)

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2018-11-14 15:32