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National Strategy

Elements of Environmental Forest National Management in the ENDE formulation

 • Nicaragua, through its Reconciliation and National Unity Government (GRUN), is making an effort by finding solutions to the cause-effect of the climate change; aware of the close inter-relationship among energy - economy - environment and development, has proposed a substantial change in its development model by transforming the quantity and quality of its energy matrix from a renewable 25% in 2007 to a renewable 94% in 2017 through direct investment; by opening opportunities for private investment and approving project financing on hydroelectric, solar, geothermal and wind power. We are working towards sustainable development. Nicaragua is currently the second country in Latin America and the Caribbean leading investment projects in clean energy, second after Brazil.

• Nicaragua was the first country to adopt the Universal Declaration of the Common Good of Earth and Humanity (2010), which is based on the principles of protection, restoration of ecosystems, and a special concern for biological diversity. As a practical expression of these principles, in the year 2010 the national environmental strategy and climate change was approved to ensure the participation of the organized people and Government institutions to develop natural resources conservation and preservation actions. 

• As part of the historical commitment with the people of Nicaragua and the same international dialogue approach, the Government has also worked on a systematic and consistent basis to reduce poverty and inequality, by leading a pro-poor growth with social responsibility and a change in the patterns of production and consumption, providing higher security to citizens and achieving a sustainable development in the food and energy security and sovereignty. The approaches favoring or combining the country strategy in regards to the reduction of poverty and to the climate change are highly analyzed by the Government. Apart from bad replicas, Nicaragua must undergo its own growth and development model or pattern, with its own historical cultural features and based on the vocation of its lands. The ENDE-REDD + aims to make a substantial contribution in that regards.

• The ENDE-REDD + and its sub national scheme implementation needed to be executed in three working levels. The first level consists of : i) the Environment and Natural Resources Department (MARENA); ii) the Agriculture and Forest Department (MAGFOR); iii) the Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INETER); (iv) the Treasury and Public Credit Department (MHCP); (v); the National Forestry Institute (INAFOR); (vi) National Fund for the Forest Development (FONADEFO); (vii) Development, Industry and Trade Department (MIFIC); viii) Association of Nicaraguan Municipalities (AMUNIC); (ix) a representative of the Regional Autonomous North Atlantic Government (RAAN); (x) a representative of the Regional Autonomous South Atlantic Government (RAAS); (xi) a representative of the indigenous territorial authorities of the Pacific Center area; xii) two representatives of the indigenous territorial Governments of the RAAN, xiii) The General State Attorney for the Environmental issues (PGA); xiv) the State Prosecutor’ Office; (xv) the Army of Nicaragua, xvi) the National Police Department; (xvii) Transport and Infrastructure Department (MTI); and the xviii) Energy and Mines Department (MEM). (Note all the above for their acronyms in Spanish)

• Nicaragua has made a significant progress in the organizational ENDE-REDD + process; it has gradually organized its readiness conditions platform as the base for the formulation, the dialogue, the consultation and the ENDE-REDD + implementation. The REDD + mechanism is seen in Nicaragua as a great opportunity; However the ENDE-REDD + strategy aims to focus its effort in fighting against deforestation and Forest degradation nationally, and to create a cross-sectoral mechanism in order to identify multiple benefits and co-benefits from the forest. Regardless the negotiation process in the UNFCCC and the existing mechanisms for REDD +, the GRUN together with the Nicaraguan people, as a nation, are committed to develop strategies, plans and work processes to reduce the loss of the forest coverage in the country.

Arrangements and Provisions for the National Management of the Readiness Phase

• The arrangements for the national management of the readiness phase are oriented to manage and coordinate the activities of this ENDE-REDD + phase, the National Plan of Human Development, the Adaptation and Mitigation Policy for Climate Change (PAMCC), and the Environmental and Climate Change National Strategy (ENACC), among others. Therefore, these arrangements, instances, functions and proposed mechanisms are focused on two directions; the current working processes for climate change and the arrangements and mechanisms responding to the development of the ENDE, as part of the arrangements to manage the mitigation and adaptation to the Climate Change, including plans with short, medium and long-term results.

• One of the main products in this analysis is the formation of the coordinating bodies existent and inter-sectorial Work Group at national level which includes the main stakeholders involved with essential and well-defined roles and responsibilities. It also establishes the SESA coordination mechanisms to integrate social and environmental considerations in the process of readiness and implementation of the ENDE-REDD +.

• To propose effective and viable institutional arrangements from the legal point of view for the of ENDE-REDD + formulation and implementation, an analysis of the mandates, the interests of those involved, and possible strategies to continue in order to achieve the ENDE-REDD + objectives has been conducted. • The roles and functions of each of these actors are based on the analysis legal frameworks and institutional competencies which have been decisive for the development of this phase of ENDE-REDD + readiness strategy.

Institutional framework for the ENDE-REDD + readiness and implementation

• For implementing the National Plan for Human development (PNDH), it was necessary to create the Production Cabinet headed by the President of the Republic and State institutions linked to the agriculture and forestry sector as follows: 1. the Nicaraguan Institute for Territorial Studies (INETER), 2. Environment and Natural Resources Department (MARENA), 3. Agriculture and Forestry Department (MAGFOR), 4. Nicaraguan Institute of Fishing and Aquaculture (INPESCA), 5. National Forestry Institute (INAFOR), 6. Banco Produzcamos, 7. Nicaraguan Institute for Agricultural Technology (INTA), 8. Rural Development Institute (IDR), 9. Nicaraguan Institute for Cooperative Development (cooperative), 10. Nicaraguan Company for Basis Food (ENABAS), 11. Development, Industry and Trade Department (MIFIC), 12. Health Department (MINSA), 13. Transport and Infrastructure Department (MTI) and 14. Energy and Mines (MEM).

• By Presidential mandate the Production Cabinet guarantees the safety and food sovereignty as a human right to have access to them with quality and clean production technologies, by the proper use of water, and nutrients to protect and sustain our natural resources and face climate change and its consequences. The strategy concerning the forestry sector includes production increase, performance and sustainability, by making use of agricultural and forestry good practices. In the forestry, agricultural and livestock sectors every cross-sector strategy is defined by the Production Cabinet (GP). This Cabinet takes into consideration the previous experience in the previously mentioned sectors to implement the PNDH. The GP comprises the maximum authorities of the country who at the same time are part of the Group I of ENDE-REDD + which is the highest body to make decisions about ENDE-REDD + . Group I is responsible for getting the consensus and validating the formulation, implementation and evaluation of ENDE-REDD +. In other words, it is strongly believed that now there is an adequate institutional political context to develop ENDE-REDD + initiatives nationally and sub-nationally.

• The five REDD + measures are: 1) Reduction of emissions from deforestation, 2) reducing emissions from forest degradation, 3) conservation of forest carbon stocks, 4) Sustainable management of forests, 5) Increase in forest carbon stocks.


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2018-10-23 17:58