The good Government of reconciliation and National Unity (GRUN for its acronym in Spanish) represented by MARENA, is making efforts to fight deforestation and forest degradation problem and the biodiversity loss and the livelihood of the indigenous communities by designing and later implementing the Avoided Deforestation National Strategy, taking advantage of the opportunity given by the REDD+ international mechanism.
The ENDE-REDD+ National Context
ENDE-REDD+ is an initiative which objective is to mitigate deforestation and forest degradation, consequently the greenhouse effect gases emission caused by these phenomena, by implementing measure oriented to fight the agents causing the loss of forest coverage and the land use change, to impact in a positive way the national economy and the livelihood of rural communities, to build capacities on recovering the ecosystems, promoting the development of Proper Mechanisms to prevent and alert in an opportune and early way. Such initiative is a result of the national efforts derived from the National Human Development Plan (PNDH) and the cornerstones of the development implemented by Reconciliation and National Unity Government.
The ENDE-REDD + strategy has been developed since October 2011 and there has been a significant progress in the organizational process. This initiative is important to mitigate the effects of climate change and to meet the commitments acquired with the Carbon Fund because of this self-assessment is made in order to establish the progress achieved in the country and to motivate the responses and considerations from the participants in this framework a dialogue and consensus policy. By creating this initiative it is possible to identify those pending issues such as the definition of priorities for the second part of the project and to estimate the resources needed to complete the readiness phase.
ENDE-REDD + is created with the objective to benefit families, farmers and indigenous communities, especially those highly vulnerable poor communities, by the use of instruments like the forest development policy, applying the restitution of rights approach in the use and benefit of the natural resources in a rational and sustained way with an emphasis on adapting to climate change considering the potential and existent capitals in the territory.
Description of the donation
In order to apply to international funds ENDE-REDD + shall be subject to competitive processes in which the progress in the readiness is presented with clarity and high technical quality.
The Project "Support to the Readiness Strategy for Reduction of Emissions by Deforestation and Forest Degradation (ENDE-REDD)", which is developed under the coordination of MARENA in five components.
The national context of the forests in Nicaragua
The forest coverage in Nicaragua has suffered gradual changes through time. In 1950 it was found that an estimated number of 6,450,000 million hectares were considerably reduced. It is believed that by the year 2007 - 2008 a total of 3, 254,145 million of hectares will be reduced, which means that is makes a difference of 3,193,855 hectares, this quantity represent the 62.7% natural forest that is concentrated in the autonomous regions (INAFOR, 2009).
Of all the national forest coverage, The Autonomous North Caribbean Coast Region (RACCN) has 43.4%, The Autonomous South Caribbean Coast Region (RACCS) has 19.3%, Jinotega 9.3% and Río San Juan 8.9%, which means that nearly 80.9% of the forest in the country are located in territories with a low inhabited areas and with high percentage of poverty. From those areas together in total, the natural forest 49% belongs to indigenous communities (INAFOR, 2009).